Happening Now...
Earth Conditions

Solar Data


Natural Hazards

Tsunami Info Center
Digital Tectonic Activity Map
Solar Flares/Month
Solar Flare History
Climate Articles

This website is made possible through time and resources.  

Other Terracycles Related Sites:
Ice Age Now
Brown University
Earth Systems History
Byrd Polar Research Center
Glacier Dynamics Group
Sudden Climate Transitions
All the Best Paleoclimate Links


The Woolly Mammoths and Saber Toothed Tigers didn't go extinct because of other species.  The animals from the Pleistocene perished under unusual circumstances. 

Hans Krause has published one of the most extensive online researches on the Woolly Mammoth anywhere.  He also covers the extinction of other species.  Mr. Krause investigates the eating habits, diet, populations, and local conditions of the Woolly Mammoth and other species in great detail.  He shows that there were enormous populations of all kinds of wildlife in Siberia just 11,000 years ago.  These animals were healthy and had healthy appetites.  We know the Woolly Mammoth populations existed for over a million years yet there are relatively few fossil records except for certain periods of time.

Research Papers by Hans Krause

The Mammoth and the Flood 1

The Mammoth and the Flood 2

The Mammoth and the Flood 3

The Mammoth and the Flood 4

The Mammoth and the Flood 5

The Mammoth and the Flood 6

The Mammoth and the Flood 7

Mammoth Fauna 1: C14-Dates

Mammoth Fauna 2: The Mammoth Steppe

Mammoth Fauna 3: The Muskox

Mammoth Fauna 4: The Muskox

Mammoth Fauna 5: The Bison

Mammoth Fauna 6: The Bison

Mammoth Fauna 7: Plant Production

Mammoth Fauna 8: The Jarkov Mammoth

Mammoth Fauna 9: The Tiger

Mammoth Fauna 10: The World of Elephants

For the Younger Dryas Period ending just 11,500 years ago, there are thousands of fossils.  In fact, most of these fossils are fresh tissue specimens, some complete with hair, skin, muscles, internal organs, and even the food the animal was eating the day it died.  

It is necessary to ask how there were suddenly thousands of well preserved Mammoth carcasses just 11,500 years ago and not for the 8,000 years prior to then?  Why is it that at the time the Woolly Mammoth went extinct we suddenly have an enormous number of well preserved carcasses but not before, except at other times roughly 11,500 years apart?

And it isn't just the fact that the carcasses are found around the world, but the conditions in which the carcasses are found are also curious.  Not one, but many Woolly Mammoths in Siberia were found frozen solid, suspended in ice and in the upright position.  Many Woolly Mammoths were found with legs, tails, trunks, and tusks ripped from their bodies, some were found whole.  The mammoths were found near rhinoceroses, tigers, ferrets, reindeer, and many other species.   A tail here, a leg there, body parts everywhere and mixed with crushed vegetation and broken trees.  In most cases the body parts are otherwise not disturbed (as by predators.)

And then suddenly the animal species no longer exist or are extremely decimated, in spite of the large populations just prior to the time of their extinctions.  This scenario is not limited to Siberia, but extends around the entire globe.  The same species goes extinct in North America, South America, Australia, Africa, Europe, and Asia all at roughly the same time.

How is it that we are finding whole Woolly Mammoths frozen in ice in Siberia that are 43,000 years old, 23,000 years old, and 11,500 years old, but not in the intervening years?  How can Woolly Mammoths exist in huge numbers (millions in Siberia alone) and leave frozen carcasses only at certain intervals of history?

The National Park Service tells us, "The Wisconsinan stage covered much of the northern United States from the Atlantic coast to the Rocky Mountains as recently as 12,000 years ago."  But the Illinois State Museum shows us that the Upper Midwest was temperate 16,000 years ago, "This reconstruction is based on the work of many different types of scientists who study various aspects of past environments."

According to the Illinois State Museum the climate must have been temperate between the glacial peaks of 20,000 years ago and 12,000 years ago.  There's not enough time for a gradual shift from fully advanced ice sheet to temperate climate to another advanced ice sheet according to the current theory of climate change.

Given a clean sample, science can nearly pinpoint the year an animal or plant dies based on Carbon 14 dating.  So why is there such a disparity of dates for ice sheet coverage?  According to the Illinois State Geological Survey, "Because the time of cooler conditions lasted tens of thousands of years, thick masses of snow and ice accumulated to form glaciers."  How does the climate go from temperate to peak ice advance in 4000 years when science believes it takes "tens of thousands of years" for continental glaciers to form?

According to the Terracycles theory a super storm, having tremendous convection and evaporation causes air to liquefy and fall in pools in the upper atmosphere.  It is this sudden rush of liquid air during an intense wet weather disturbance that causes the sudden advance of ice.  And if this were the case we would expect to see continental glaciations as radiating from a central source.  If the present model of glaciations were correct we would expect to see a more or less even distribution of ice across the continent.  The following sketch from the Illinois State Geological Survey shows the glaciers begin from a point and radiate outward as in the liquefied air hypothesis.


Look at the sketch above carefully.  Does it stand to reason that weather patterns would dump all the snow in one place over a period of tens of thousands of years?  Here is another graphic from the University of Southern California depicting ice sheet cover during the Wisconsin.

One has to question why it was cold enough and wet enough over Labrador, Canada to form continental ice sheets, but not in Alaska?  It doesn't make sense that over tens of thousands of years that it wouldn't snow in Alaska and would only snow over Labrador.  We would see signs of deserts in Northern Alaska if it were true.

Now let's assume the present scientific hypothesis for glaciations is true.  Wouldn't it be reasonable to expect the entire Northern Hemisphere to be under glaciers or ice sheets?  Well, that isn't the case.  Back 18,000 years ago when North America is covered by an ice sheet, paleoclimatologists tell us Siberia and Alaska are not.  According to the Paleo Map Project the earth looked like this.


The graphic is deceiving.  It almost appears as though the glaciations cover the entire Arctic Circle.  But look at the regions on a globe.  Only half the Arctic Circle has glaciations!  The other half does not.  Now what weather model would allow ice to build up on half the planet over tens of thousands of years forming ice sheets while the other half remains with bare ground?  

The above symbols represent a "normal fault or rift" with the hachures on the downthrown side in the graphics below. 

There is more solid evidence of the liquefied air theory.  If indeed there were a sudden accumulation of ice in a localized spot, and that ice had enough mass to spread from Labrador, Canada to Illinois, then there must have been a terrific strain on the earth's crust along the flow of ice.  The Digital Tectonic Activity Map recently published by NASA and GSFC shows several fault features in the Polar Regions of the globe that point to sudden ice flows.  Below is a portion of the total DTAM image (on the left) for comparison to the ice flow graphics above.  The image on the right is a merged image composed of the DTAM image and ISGS sketch from above.

The maps were drawn to different scales so the ISGS image was stretched to show a rough approximation for alignment.  It is very clear that the "normal fault or rift" under the St. Lawrence River is in line with the glacial flow from under the Labrador, Canada spill zone.  The New Madrid Fault under the Mississippi River corresponds with the glacial ice flow that peaked about 20,000 years ago.

The full DTAM image shows three present-day major "normal fault or rift" zones in the northern latitudes.  One of these rifts occurs directly under the area of Siberia where the Woolly Mammoths are found.  The other is under the North Sea between the United Kingdom and Norway.  I speculate that Gulf Stream extent just before the time of the super storm would cause a super storm in these particular areas, which also lead to sudden freezing.  The earth has likely bent and rebounded along the rift zones through several ice advances, thus weakening the crust in these areas.

The extinctions of at least 11 species of large mammals took place in a very short period of time about 11,500 years ago.  The paleoclimate evidence clearly shows that ice sheets began in very specific spots and spread outwards.  Even though scientists tell us on the one hand that it takes tens of thousands of years to form ice sheets, other scientists are telling us that North America was temperate 16,000 years ago.  And still more scientists tell us the Wisconsinan ice advance peaked just 10,000 to 12,000 years ago.


Copyright 2000-2018  by Volantis, David Thomson
Information from this site may be copied provided that proper credits are given.